bird behaviour, Swift diary 2011

Our Swift attracts a mate!

After a series of fast aerial pursuits our Swift lured a mate into the box. There is no way of telling whether this is the same mate as last year, but the pair were immediately very comfortable in each other’s company and the new bird was very practised at entering the nest box despite very strong cross winds. After an hour so preening each other and resting side by side they left to feed.

Swift in nestbox- 14th May. Copyright Jonathan Pomroy 2012
Swifts first moment in nestbox- 14th May 2012. Copyright Jonathan Pomroy 2012
Swifts in nestbox 14th May. Copyright Jonathan Pomroy 2012.
bird behaviour, Swift diary 2011

Partial albino Swift returns- 11th May

Our partial albino Swift returned on the evening of 11th May at 7.50pm. It promptly settled and stayed quietly in the box for over thirteen hours. A rest after arrival from Africa. It arrived with a large number of Swifts who travelled into Britain on warm south westerly winds on the south side of a low pressure system. This Swift has been visiting our house since at least 2010, breeding for the first time last year. This year I have added a camera to obtain these images of this very distinctive Swift.

Patial albino Swift in nestbox- 11th May
Partial albino Swift in nestbox- 11th May
Swift diary 2011

Swift’s nest

Swift's nest- August 13th 2011

This is the nest built by a pair of non breeding Swifts in one of our nest boxes. One of the pair first entered the box on 21st June. After days trying to entice a mate in the second bird entered the box and joined it to roost on 28th June. They soon set about gathering nest material, all of which is collected in the air. Many feathers and pieces of grass were brought in right up until 13th August. Shortly before they migrated south they added masses of thistle down(a material easily gathered in flight) which covered the whole nest area.It really is a beautiful sight. I now have to hope that both birds have a safe journey to Africa and back. All being well they will return to raise their first brood next May.

House Martin diary 2011, Swift diary 2011

Screaming Swifts

Recent warmth has enabled the Swifts to feed on the abundance of flying insects, which gives them plenty of energy. Their flying in such conditions is spectacular, with screaming flocks passing the eaves at high speed throughout the daylight hours, literally starting at 4.30am and finishing at 10pm. Most of these screaming Swifts are non breeding birds who are looking for nest sites and in some cases joining existing colonies. We don’t know why they scream in tight flocks, it could be a social activity which bonds the colony or perhaps some form of courtship, we can only guess.
Recently these non breeders have been turning their attention towards the martin nests, hurling themselves at the mud structures to look in the entrances. The martins stay in their nests and defend them. Sometimes they even chase the Swifts in the air. It is unlikely that the Swifts would use the martin nests though this has occasionally been recorded. The martins added additional mud to their nest entrances and made the nests even stronger. Three out of the four pairs on the front of our house did this at the same time as a response to the increase in Swift activity. The slightly heavier Swifts were knocking small amounts of mud from the structures, mainly through the speed at which they landed.

We now have another pair of Swifts in residence. They have taken to a Swift nest box and visit frequently. They will probably build a nest during the rest of their stay and return to breed next May.

Swift looking at a House Martin nest on a fast pass
Swift perched on a House Martin's nest- copyright Jonathan Pomroy 2011
Swift prospecting nest box, landing needs practice! Copyright Jonathan Pomroy 2011
Swift prospecting nest box- copyright Jonathan Pomroy 2011
bird behaviour, Swift diary 2011

Mad Swifts!

On June 15th- 17th we were visited by many non breeding Swifts. These curious young birds queue up to look in the nest sites of the breeders. The breeders quickly return to their boxes and scream in duet at the visitors who hardly ever attempt to enter the nest site. They were also showing an interest in the vacant nest boxes though their early attempts at alighting on them are haphazard to say the least. There does seem to be another pair keen to find a site on our house and they seem particularly intersted in a hole under the pantiles. They may well build a nest this year and return to breed in 2012.
The flying displays have been spectacular with extreme high speed passes by the eaves, impossibly tight fast turns as if they are on a wire, then back past the eaves, screaming wildly especially when close to the potential nest site. This flying is so precise, millimetres at times from certain death, but they never miss and continue to thrill me, as they have every year since I first remember them flying round the eaves of my primary school.

Swift prospecting nest box- photograph by Jonathan Pomroy copyright 2011
bird behaviour, Swift diary 2011

Swift nest

Swift nest- 8th June

The partial albino Swift and its mate have built a nest. I placed some of the material in the box to get them started but they have added their own too, such as the small oak leaf, grass pieces and the occasional petal all gathered in the air. They will probably lay one more egg in 48 hours then incubation will begin.  Swifts glue the nest materials together with their saliva. The nest is built onto a specially designed nest mould.

bird behaviour, Swift diary 2011

Partial albino Swift finds a mate?

Swift leaving nest box, a potential mate? Photograph copyright Jonathan Pomroy 2011
Partial albino Swift leaving box- photograph copyright Jonathan Pomroy 2011
Partial albino Swift- photograph copyright Jonathan Pomroy 2011
Partial albino Swift leaving box- photograph copyright Jonathan Pomroy 2011

A rare morning of calm weather and the sky was full of Swifts again. Our unusually marked partial albino Swift found a potential mate and succeeded in attracting it back to nest box 3. They spent an hour there this morning, calling softly to one another. I now think that the partial albino bird is a female based on the calls I have heard it make. This is interesting because in this case at least the female has selected the nest site. In fact she did this back in June 2010, quietly prospecting alone. She arrived on 11th May this year and has roosted in the box alone every night, but will she be alone tonight? Watch this space.

bird behaviour, Sketchbook, Swift diary 2011

Shore Larks and Swifts- Cley, Norfolk, 18th May

Shore Larks and Swifts at Cley, Norfolk- watercolour in sketchbook

An inspiring trip to Cley, Norfolk yesterday found me laying at the bottom of the shingle bank, telescope trained upwards. Feeding near the top of the bank there was a pair of Shore Larks, one of my favourite birds. They were feeding up ahead of their journey back to to the tundra of Norway and Finland. Above them, sometimes by only a few feet, was a constant procession of westward bound migrating Swifts which were following the coastline, some flying above the sea. One of the great joys of natural history is the element of surprise- I would never have guessed that I could sketch Swifts and Shore Larks at the same time. The Shore Larks were feeding on bladder campion flowers, I would imagine they were taking the forming seed. With a deep cerulean blue sky the pink of bladder campion flowers, yellow poppies and the shingle itself made a superb setting for these delightful larks.

Sketchbook, Swift diary 2011

Partial albino Swift returns- 11th May 2011

Partial albino Swift- watercolour in sketchbook 11th May 2011

Yesterday morning I was delighted to see a Swift I came to know very well last year. It first arrived over our house on May 27th 2010 and entered Swift box 3 several times around mid June. However it did not attempt to breed but stayed around the village and in particular around our house until August 7th. This Swift offers a unique opportunity to study the behavioural patterns of an individual. Yesterday morning it was seen entering Swift box 3 and it returned at 8.52pm to roost there. It will be fascinating to see whether it remains here to breed. We know that many of the Swifts we see will have been here last year but to recognise one really fills with wonder at the sights it has seen over the last nine months, the dangers it may have encountered, the spectacular thunderstorms it may have witnessed in Africa. Getting to know an individual bird and welcoming it back after its amazing  journey is a huge priviledge.